The room is being cleaned by the man.
-
Active Forms and Passive Forms

Definition:

Sentences can be active or passive. This means tenses also have "active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize the difference to successfully speak English.



Active Forms

Sentence Structure:

noun performing action + verb + noun receiving action

Definition:

Most sentences are active. In active sentences, the noun performing the action is the Subject of the sentence and the noun receiving the action is the Object of the sentence.

Example:

1. Mike cleans his room.

2. John reads the book.



Passive Forms

Sentence Structure:

Thing receiving the action + be + past participle of verb + by + thing doing the action.

Definition:

In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the Subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important. You can also use the passive form if you do not know who is doing the action or if you do not want to talk about the person who is doing the action.

Example:

1. The room was cleaned by Mike

2. The book was read by John.



Sample Sentences
  Active Passive
Simple Present Once a day, I feed my dog. Once a day, the dog is fed by Tom.
Present Continuous Currently, Joe is talking to Sarah. Currently, Sarah is being talked to by Joe.
Simple Past Tom read the book. The book was read by Tom.
Past Continuous The maid was cleaning my house. The house was being cleaned by the maid.
Present Perfect The boy has talked to many people. Many people have been talked to by the boy.
Present Perfect Continuous Today, Tom had been cleaning his house for two hours before the party started. Today, the house had been cleaned by Tom for hours before the party started.
Past Perfect Susan had cleaned many houses before she got paid. Many houses had been cleaned by Susan before she got paid.
Past Perfect Continuous Tom had been repairing cars for his whole life. For years, cars had been being repaired by Tom.
Simple Future
will
Today, we will be washing our car. Today, our car will be washed by us.
Simple Future
be going to
She is going to be baking a cake tonight. A cake is going to be baked by her tonight.
Future Continuous
will
They will have started the movie by the time we get to the theater. The movie will have started by the time we get to the theater.
Future Continuous
be going to
The teacher is going to be teaching the class. The class is going to be taught by the teacher.
Future Perfect
will
We will have been climbing Mount Everest for two weeks before we get to the top. Mount Everest will have been climbed by us for two weeks before we reach the top.
Future Perfect
be going to
They are going to have to work through the night if they are not finished in time. The work will have to be completed through the night by them, if they are not finished in time.
Future Perfect Continuous
will
We will have been cleaning the house for ten hours before my parents arrive. Before the arrival of my parents, we will have been cleaning the house for ten hours.

 
 
Exercise
Change the Active to the Passive by using the correct form of be. The first sentence has been completed for you. English Logic will put a checkmark ) next to your correct answers.
   
Active
Passive
1.
Sophia cleans the house everyday. → Everyday, the house cleaned by Sophia.
2.
Sophia is cleaning the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
3.
Sophia has cleaned the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
4.
Sophia cleaned the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
5.
Sophia was cleaning the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
6.
Sophia had cleaned the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
7.
Sophia will clean the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
8.
Sophia is going to clean the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.
9.
Sophia will have cleaned the house. → The house cleaned by Sophia.


You have right answers out of .

Score: %


 Português Italiano Español Deutsch عربی فارسی

 

««« back index next »»»