He's scared to ski.
-
Gerunds

Definition:

A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding
"-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading."

You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Example:

1. Writing helps an English learner study English. ("Writing" is used as the subject of the sentence.)

2. Tom's favorite activity is running.
("Running" is complementing the sentence.)

3. She loves skiing.
("Skiing" is the object of the sentence.)

A speaker can also write and speak gerunds in the negative by adding"not."

She is not working at her job today.



Infinitives

Definition

Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn."

You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Example:

1. To learn is important. (Subject of the Sentence)

2. The most important thing is to learn. (Complement of the Sentence)

3. He wants to learn. (object of the sentence)

Infinitives can also be made negative by adding "not."

1. I decided not to go.

2. The most important thing is not to give up.

Snorkeling is my favorite pastime.
 
 
Writing Exercise
Using a separate sheet of paper. Complete the sentence with the correct infinitive or gerund form. The exercise will be said in full on the Exercise Answers page. The first sentence has been completed for you.
1.
Gerund: (run) is my favorite exercise.
2.
Infinitive: I love (read) .
3.
Gerund: (Read) is a good way to learn english.
4.
Gerund: A good outdoor activity is (bike) .
5.
Gerund: (Speak) is my favorite part about English.
6.
Infinitive: Tom's favorite activity is (hike) .
7.
Gerund: Bird (watch) is my favorite activity.
8.
Gerund: (Drive) is difficult for me.
9.
Infinitive: When I do something wrong. (listen) to my mother speak is difficult.
10.
Gerund: (Type) is the best way to write your school papers.

 

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